This dependence is structured through the rela­tions of exchange between core and periphery. This idea, often known as developmentalism, is the underlying theory used by most governments in the world and by international organizations like the World Bank (WB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) to promote free trade and economic reforms involving the deregulation of markets. In these countries goods are produced using technologically complex methods, wages are high, and the labor force is relatively educated and skilled. cultural convergence. Publish your original essays now. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! See more. The stages outlined by Friedman are: (a) pre-industrial society with localized economies; (b) core-periphery; (c) dispersion of economic activity and, to a lesser extent, control into certain parts of the periphery; and (d) the emergence of spatial integration in which the various and now more or less fully developed spatial parts of the economy relate in a more truly interdependent manner. In the 19th century, core processes were characterized by the industrialized mass production of goods, such as textiles, in places like Manchester, England. Core-Periphery Model. The exchange-based model of core-periphery relations is often associated with the writings of John Friedmann (1966), who first noted these economic differences in VENEZUELA. The proposed core-periphery model, which is also used in discussions of political power, views the world as characterized by a core, semi-periphery, and periphery. Exchange-based models rely on the notion that market forces, if undisturbed by state regulation, will eventually result in spatial economic equality. The core domi­nates (although it in turn may be dominated from outside) whilst the periphery is dependent. On the other hand, world-systems theory predicts that the uneven development will be maintained as core areas exploit the natural resources, both commodities like timber and coal as well as cheap labor, in peripheral areas, which will further economic disparities. The Gravity Model is used to predict the movement of people & ideas between two places. Sail-Wagon 2. Recent examples are countries like SINGAPORE and South KOREA, which have increased their gross domestic product rapidly in the past 50 years. Quick Reference The core—a central region in an economy, with good communications and high population density, which conduce to its prosperity—is contrasted with the periphery—outlying regions with poor communications and sparse population (for examples, see unemployment). The periphery has those countries that are not reaping the benefits of global wealth and globalization. AP Human Geography Key Terms 5. energy consumption. Core-Periphery Model is a model of the spatial organization of human activity based upon the unequal distribution of power in economy and society. AP Human Geography: Exam Prep ... including the core-domain-sphere model of geography, as well as culture regions and culture realms. 41 terms. AP Human Geography Models & Theories- You need to be able to: Define, Compare/Contrast and provide real and specific examples for each term/model/theory Summary Table: Unit Person Concept Population and Migration Malthus Boserup Zelinsky Ravenstain W. Thompson Overpopulation=no resources Population increase= new technology=more resources Economic power stems from control over the means of production and derives its specific historical characteristics from the nature of this control. Core Periphery Model based on the notion that as one region or state expands in economic prosperity, it must engulf regions nearby to ensure ongoing economic and political success. World’s Largest Collection of Essays! For example, increases in productivity in the core may, with an effective labour movement, be translated into higher wages. AP Human Geography Key Geography Concepts and Models Notable Geographers Theory Type Theory Importance of model John Borchert Urban Stages of Evolution of Americans Metropolis based on Transportation 1. 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